Hierarchies of Dominance

On land, female apes always had known who the alpha males were, and those males enforced their sexual rights with physical punishment or its threat… Aquatic life disabled dominance. Wannabe alphas couldn’t move fast enough in water to bully others, the dominance hierarchy vanished, and each female had to decide for herself what made a male an alpha or a loser.1

  1. Hagstrom, Craig. “A Narrative for the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis”. http://www.grahamhancock.com/forum/craigHagstrom.php []
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